Title: Where can I find more information on A$ENCRYPT and A$DECRYPT?

Question:

Where can I find more information on A$ENCRYPT and A$DECRYPT? I am getting errors involving 'padding' and 'multiple of 8 bytes' when I use these routines.

Answer:

The size of the key passed to A$ENCRYPT or A$DECRYPT must be less than or equal to 128-bits (i.e. 16 bytes). For example, use the following data item for your encryption key:
  77  encryption-key        pic x(16).
When A$ENCRYPT returns, the length of the encrypted-data is set to an exact value, and in A$DECRYPT the length of data-to-decrypt must be exact. Use items defined as PIC X ANY LENGTH to ensure that you can retrieve and set the lengths precisely. For example, use the following data items for your encrypted-data and data-to-decrypt:
  77  encrypted-data        pic x any length. 
  77  data-to-decrypt       pic x any length.

Then, for example, you can take the output from A$ENCRYPT (i.e. encrypted-data) and pass it as the input to A$DECRYPT (i.e. data-to-decrypt) to reverse the encryption.

See the attached sample program, encryption.cbl

Note that the encrypted data is binary and is not an encoded character string.

The A$ENCRYPT routine does the equivalent of the following Java code:
  public final static String CRYPT_ALGORITHM = "Blowfish";
  Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(CRYPT_ALGORITHM);
  cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, new SecretKeySpec(encryptionKey, 0, encryptionKey.length, CRYPT_ALGORITHM));
  byte[] encryptedData = cipher.doFinal(dataToEncrypt, 0, dataToEncrypt.length));
where dataToEncrypt, encryptionKey and encryptedData are the 3 parameters passed to A$ENCRYPT.

The A$DECRYPT routine does the equivalent of the following Java code:

  public final static String CRYPT_ALGORITHM = "Blowfish";
  Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(CRYPT_ALGORITHM);
  cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, new SecretKeySpec(encryptionKey, 0, encryptionKey.length, CRYPT_ALGORITHM));
  byte[] decryptedData = cipher.doFinal(dataToDecrypt, 0, dataToDecrypt.length));
where dataToDecrypt, encryptionKey and decryptedData are the 3 parameters passed to A$DECRYPT.

PKCS5Padding is the default padding scheme for Blowfish ciphers.

Detailed information can be found in the Java™ Cryptography Architecture (JCA) Reference Guide here.

Authored by: Veryant Support on Wed, Jul 21st, 2010 at 7:00 PM
This question has been viewed 8342 times so far.
Online URL: http://support.veryant.com/support/phpkb/question.php?ID=138

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