How do I set up JDBC to communicate with Oracle database?

Question ID : 191
Created on 2012-02-27 at 10:57 AM
Author : Veryant Support []

Online URL :

isCOBOL needs the proper JDBC driver to interact with any RDBMS, including Oracle. JDBC drivers are Java libraries (jar) that are usually supplied by the RDBMS vendor. Each RDMBS has its own drivers.

Oracle has several different types of drivers, and we recommend starting with the JDBC Thin driver. You can get Oracle's JDBC drivers here: Be sure to choose the one supported by your Java version.

The JDBC jar file needs to be accessible through the CLASSPATH variable. The easiest way to do this is to put it into the %ISCOBOL%jars folder that the runtime checks automatically.

The next requirement is to put the URL and driver name in your configuration file. Example values would be:

Check the documentation for more information about these two variables. You can also access samples in isCOBOL's sample directory, in the %ISCOBOL%samplesdata-accessesql directory and the %ISCOBOL%sampleeasydboracle directory.

Other helpful links are:

Here is a real example from one of our Linux boxes:

   export ISCOBOL_JDK_ROOT=/usr/jdk1.8.0_331
   export ISCOBOL=/home/dl136134/porting/Linux32/isCOBOL2012R1
   export PATH=$ISCOBOL/bin:$PATH
   export CLASSPATH=.:$ISCOBOL/lib/iscobol.jar:$ISCOBOL/lib/isxms.jar:$ISCOBOL/lib/utility.jar
   export ORACLE_HOME=/database/oracle/app/oracle/product/11.1.0/client_1
   export CLASSPATH=$ORACLE_HOME/jdbc/lib/ojdbc6.jar:$CLASSPATH
   export PATH=$ORACLE_HOME/bin:$PATH
   export TWO_TASK=mach1
Note that we are using TWO_TASK as documented at
and A tnsnames.ora entry and the following: Our tnsnames.ora file contains the following:
      (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = = 1521))
      (SERVICE_NAME = mach1)
which defines the mach1 service name.

To set up the environment run the following command:

To run a program named PROGRAM run the following command:
   iscrun -c PROGRAM
where contains the following:
replacing username/password with your actual username and password
In this example, mach-1 is the hostname and mach1 is the service name.
The syntax is:
Thin-style Service Name Syntax
Thin-style service names are supported only by the JDBC Thin driver. The syntax is:
For example:
For more information about the syntax of the connection URL see "Data Sources and URLs" at

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